role of forests

The Role of Forests in Combating Climate Change

The role of forests in combating climate change 

Credit: Serg_Velusceac

Whether you realize it or not, forests hold a key role in combating climate change. In this article, we will explore the role forests play, as well as the importance of preserving and protecting these vital ecosystems. We will discuss the process of carbon sequestration, the impacts of deforestation and tips on how to support sustainable forestry practices. 

In essence, it all comes down to improving or maintaining behaviors and living more sustainably by becoming more educated on the subject..  

Forests and Carbon Sequestration

Forests act as carbon sinks. A carbon sink is something which absorbs and stores carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The process itself is known as carbon sequestration and helps to mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Because forests remove and store carbon from the environment, forests play a critical role in regulating the Earth’s temperature.

Importance of Preserving and Protecting Forests for Combating Climate Change

A huge focus should be on preserving and protecting forests. When forests are left intact, they continue to absorb and store carbon, effectively removing it from the atmosphere and helping to mitigate the effects of climate change. According to Charles Harvey, an MIT professor of civil and environmental engineering, society could benefit much more by “focusing on preserving existing forests rather than prioritizing new growth as a way to offset emissions“.

However, deforestation and forest degradation causes this process to cease to exist. Destruction or disturbance of forests will literally release carbon and other stored greenhouse gases back into the atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect and global warming. 

The preservation of forests can help to reduce the emissions of other greenhouse gases, such as methane and nitrous oxide, which are produced by the destruction of forests. This is why it’s essential we take action to support sustainable forestry practices, protect old-growth forests and conserve these vital ecosystems for future generations.

According to the WWF, “Forest loss and damage is the cause of around 10% of global warming. There’s simply no way we can fight the climate crisis if we don’t stop deforestation”.  

What Are the Long Term Impacts of Climate Change

Increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are a contributing factor to climate change. The long-term effects of climate change include:

Rising Sea Levels
As the Earth’s temperatures increase, polar ice caps and glaciers are melting, causing sea levels to rise. This can lead to flooding, coastal erosion and the displacement of people living in low-lying areas.

Extreme Weather Events
Climate change is contributing to an increase in the frequency and severity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, hurricanes and floods. These events can cause widespread damage to property and infrastructure, and can also lead to food and water shortages.

Loss of Biodiversity

As temperatures and precipitation patterns change, many plant and animal species are unable to adapt, so are at risk of extinction. This can lead to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in ecosystem services such as pollination and natural pest control.

Agricultural Impacts

Climate change can cause changes in precipitation and temperature patterns, which can affect crop yields and the productivity of agricultural land. This can lead to food shortages and increased food prices..

It’s important to note, those impacts are not only felt locally, but also have a global impact. They will exacerbate the already existing inequalities and will be felt more by the vulnerable communities.

How We Can All Play a Role In Preserving Forests for Future Generations

Preserving and protecting vital ecosystems, such as forests, is a collective effort requiring the participation of individuals, organizations and governments. Here are some ways in which we can all play a role in preserving these vital ecosystems for future generations:

Reduce Our Carbon Footprint
On an overall basis, we can reduce our carbon footprint by using energy-efficient appliances, driving less and eating a plant-based diet. These actions can help to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and slow the pace of climate change.

Support Sustainable Products
When making a purchase, opt for sustainable products made from sustainably harvested wood and other materials. This can help to reduce the demand for products that contribute to deforestation.

Support Conservation Organizations
Lend your support to organizations who actively work to protect and restore forests, such as the World Wildlife Fund and The Nature Conservancy.

Plant a Tree
Planting a tree is a simple, yet effective, way to combat climate change and support reforestation efforts. You can do this on a small scale in your own neighborhood or work with a program like the U.S. Forest Service “Plant-A-Tree Program” to help reforest public lands.

Educate Yourself
You can educate yourself about the importance of forests and the impacts of deforestation. This knowledge can help you make informed decisions about the products you buy and the actions you take.

Support Policies Designed to Protect Forests
Encourage your government to support policies and laws that protect forests and support sustainable forestry practices.

Reduce Consumption of Products Contributing to Deforestation
You can reduce your consumption of products known to contribute to deforestation, such as palm oil, soy and beef. Take the time to find out what companies are responsible for deforestation, so you know which companies to avoid.


It’s important to support sustainable forestry practices, protect old-growth forests and reduce your carbon footprint. We can all play a role by supporting conservation organizations, reducing consumption of products that contribute to deforestation and supporting policies to protect forests. Together, we can ensure forests continue to play a vital role in combating climate change for generations to come.

Author Bio: Ciaran is Irish and he writes about a wide range of topics related to outdoor adventure and conservation. His articles aim to educate and inspire readers to get out and explore the world around them, while also making conscious choices to protect our planet for future generations.

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